Plastic bags are to the environment what a frenemy is to you. It may look quite useful, but with time it will only harm you and make bad things happen to you, they are vindictive. The environment needs natural space just like us to work properly, because of the so called development and modernization, it is already on the verge of losing its balance. There are not enough trees, villages are being transformed into cities, the population has increased, pollution knows no bounds and because of this sooner or later we will have to change our ways of living.
Search Share Women widowed by chronic kidney disease gather in the town of Ballputtuga, India, where the mysterious ailment has killed some people. Kesava Rao is a construction worker and farm laborer who can no longer work and survives thanks to dialysis treatments.
The early morning air is crisp and the men and women are dressed in light shawls and sweaters. Each holds two plastic bags—one with their Urging students to say no to plastic bags records, the other with a clear plastic container of their urine.
They line up to be seen by one of four young men at two large wooden tables. A researcher named Srinivas Rao sits at the first table. Rao, the researcher, flips through the pages, noting down details. A soft-spoken man with a ready smile, Rao has worked all his life on construction sites or coconut farms.
He lived a healthy life and hardly ever saw a doctor, he says, until a fever led to an exam and his diagnosis. Nor do most of the other villagers who have gathered here, all chronic kidney disease patients, waiting to get a free blood test for creatinine, a metabolite and a proxy for kidney function, and give samples of urine and blood for research.
This region in coastal Andhra Pradesh is at the heart of what local doctors and media are calling a CKDu epidemic. Unlike the more common kind of CKD, seen mostly in the elderly in urban areas, CKDu appears to be a rural disease, affecting farm workers, the majority of them men between their 30s and 50s.
Chronic kidney disease mainly strikes rural farm laborers, like these men husking coconuts in the hot south Indian sun.
Some rice-growing regions of Sri Lanka have their own epidemic, and the disease is rampant in sugar-producing regions of Mexico and Central America Science, 11 Aprilp.
It has also been reported in Egypt. People who would [otherwise] be working, raising families, are dying. In Central America, which has been hit the hardest, the leading hypothesis is that this is an occupational disease, caused by chronic exposure to heat and dehydration in the cane fields.
Here in Andhra Pradesh, Taduri and his colleagues think natural toxins in the drinking water—lithium, for example—could contribute. Prabhakar Reddy, one of the researchers collecting the samples.
But in India, as in Sri Lanka and Central America, researchers trying to explain CKDu are pursuing a wide range of ideas, including excessive use of over-the- counter painkillers and exposure to pesticides.
The beginnings of an international scientific network to study CKDu are taking shape, and researchers are working on simple, accurate diagnostics so that they can map incidence around the globe—and try to correlate it with potential causes.
But the anecdotal evidence from Andhra Pradesh is sobering. In the village of Pedda Srirampuram, a mobile testing team interviews villagers and collects blood and urine samples to test their kidneys.
Chakravarthy, a nephrologist in Nellore, Andhra Pradesh. Their kidneys are already beyond repair, leading to high blood pressure, weakness, and other symptoms. Access to dialysis here remains limited, even though the state govern- ment of Andhra Pradesh has added facilities in recent years.
For many patients, death comes not long after their diagnosis. Those lucky enough to get dialysis survive for several years, but are unable to earn a living, pushing their families deeper into poverty. His strength and endurance sapped by the disease and dialysis, Kesava Rao can no longer provide for his family of five.
But each team has used its own methods and tools, often in isolation, making it hard to compare findings. Taduri and Singh, for example, have both worked in Andhra Pradesh for years, and both have pursued the hypothesis that the high levels of silica in drinking water could be responsible.
Silica dust is known to damage lungs and kidneys when inhaled, but no one knows what it does when ingested.
Yet the two researchers had never met until recently. Whereas Singh thinks the silica comes from pesticides, Taduri believes it leaches into the groundwater from bedrock.
Singh admits the researchers could have benefitted from a collaboration. As scientists and public health experts realize that CKDu is a global disease or set of diseases, they are casting a wider net for possible causes.
Some 30 Indian and international scientists, physicians, and public health experts sit at a round table in a nondescript conference room at The Energy and Resources Institute in New Delhi.
The goal of the January meeting: This is an illness that has substantial mortality.
Caplin proposes a working definition: This says nothing about the individual.Western Australian Premier Mark McGowan has thrown his support behind a movement urging Australian states and territories to ban the retail use of plastic bags, announcing a statewide ban on.
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Search and browse our historical collection to find news, notices of births, marriages and deaths, sports, comics, and much more. A small crowd of villagers waits at a low-slung concrete school building in Pedda Srirampuram, a village in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
The early morning air is crisp and the men.