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Background[ edit ] The entrance to Guy's Hospital in Early inKeats left his poorly paid position as dresser or assistant house surgeon at Guy's HospitalSouthwarkLondon to completely devote himself to a career in poetry.
In the past, he had relied on his brother George for financial assistance from time to time, but now, when his brother appealed to him for the same aid, the cash-strapped poet was unable to help and was overwhelmed with guilt and despair.
He decided to forsake the life of a poet for a more lucrative career — but not before allowing himself a few months of poetic indulgence. It was during the months of spring that he wrote many of his major odes. Following the month of Mayhe began to tackle other forms of poetry, including a play, some longer pieces, and a return to his unfinished epic, Hyperion.
The legitimate does not suit the language well, from the pouncing rhymes; the other appears too elegiacand the couplet at the end of it has seldom a pleasing effect. I do not pretend to have succeeded. It will explain itself. However felicitous he may have been in writing them, these short poems of one of the greatest of English lyrists are the by-product of other efforts; and those habits of both ideal and practice left him more dissatisfied than he would otherwise have been with the pressure of most lyric forms toward quick, neat solution [ Finally, the union of amplitude and formal challenge offered unique opportunities as well for the concentrated intensity and concreteness of idiom that he had begun to master in Hyperion  In "Ode to Psyche", Keats incorporated a narrative structure that sets the scene, gives background information, and then ends with a conclusion.
Of these structural elements, the preface was discontinued in his next odes and the setting is reduced within the other odes until the scene is merely implied. However, he worked on the spring poems together, and they form a sequence within their structures.
The first stanza begins with the narrator addressing an ancient urn as "Thou still unravished bride of quietness! In Keats, Narrative, and Audience, Andrew Bennett suggests that the discussion between the poet and the urn at the beginning of the poem leaves the reader to examine more than just the relationship between the two but also his place as a third-party observer.
The two lovers, whose image the unknown artist has created through his craftsmanship, appear to the poet as a couple who cannot kiss yet do not grow old. Again the narrator discusses the urn in terms of its unaging qualities by saying, "She cannot fade, though thou hast not thy bliss" line 19but he also focuses on the inability of the lovers to ever obtain sensual pleasure due to their static nature.
However, his tone becomes sharper as he seeks answers from the work of art that it appears unable to answer. Ode on Indolence "Ode on Indolence" comprises six stanzas containing ten lines each.
The poem discusses a morning of laziness on the part of the narrator, during which his attention becomes captivated by three figures he sees in a vision.
Beginning with an epitaph taken from Matthew 6: The images pass the narrator three times, which causes him to compare them to images on a spinning urn line 7.
In line 10, the narrator uses the word "Phidian" again as a reference to the Elgin marbleswhose creation was thought to have been overseen by Phidiasa Grecian artist.
Ode on Melancholy "Ode on Melancholy" is the shortest of the spring odes at three stanzas of 10 lines. Originally, the poem contained four stanzas, but the original first stanza was removed before publication in for stylistic reasons.
Using personification, the poem creates characters out of Joy, Pleasure, Delight, and Beauty, and allows them to interact with two other characters which take the shape of a male and his female mistress mentioned line Keats himself fails to appear as a character in the poem, as there is no mention of the poet himself suffering from melancholy.
Harold Bloom suggests that this provides the poem with a hint of Keats's philosophy of negative capabilityas only the beauty that will die meets the poem's standard of true beauty. According to critics, the bursting of the grape alludes to the passing from the moment of ultimate sexual pleasure to the decreased pleasure of a post-orgasmic state.
Ode to a Nightingale Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos "Ode to a Nightingale" is the longest of the odes with 8 stanzas containing 10 lines each.
The poem begins by describing the state of the poet, using negative statements to intensify the description of the poet's physical state such as "numbless pains" and "not through envy of thy happy lot" lines 1—5.
While the ode is written "to a Nightingale", the emphasis of the first line is placed upon the narrator rather than the bird, and Helen Vendler suggests that the negation of the reader as a party in the discourse happens just as the song of the nightingale becomes the "voice of pure self-expression".
Ode to Psyche "Ode to Psyche" is a line poem written in stanzas of varying length, which took its form from modification Keats made to the sonnet structure.
Psychea creature so beautiful that she drew the attention of Cupid himself, draws the attention of the narrator, whose artistic imagination causes him to dream of her: As he relates himself to the mythical character of Cupid, he confuses the god's emotions with his own and imagines that he too has fallen in love with the woman's beauty.
In line 50, the poet states "Yes, I will be thy priest, and build a fane", which, Harold Bloom suggests, implies that the poet himself becomes a "prophet of the soul" as he regards the beauty of Psyche and attempts to place himself within Cupid's personage. Eliot, it is the most prominent ode among the six great odes.
It discusses how autumn is both a force of growth and maturation, and deals with the theme of approaching death. While the earlier odes perfected techniques and allowed for variations that appear within "To Autumn", Keats dispenses with some aspects of the previous poems such as the narrator to focus on the themes of autumn and life.
The poem discusses ideas without a progression of the temporal scene, an idea that Keats termed as "stationing".Explain how Keats’ concept of “negative capability” might be applied to a reading of Keats’ “Ode on a Grecian Urn.” Keats doesn’t focus on the same subjects as the other romantic poets, like religion, ethics, morals or politics.
The order of the odes has been much debated; it is known that Ode to Psyche was written in late April, Ode to a Nightingale probably in May, and To Autumn on 19 September , but although Ode on a Grecian Urn and Ode on Melancholy are assumed to belong to May, but no one can be certain of any order or progression.
In style and power the odes represent Keats’s finest poetry; indeed, they are . Emotion vs. Intellect in Ode to a Nightingale and Since Feeling is First We must look for guidance from the emotions not the mind.
This romantic philosophy is portrayed in the works of both John Keats’s "Ode to a Nightingale" and E.
E. Cummings’s "Since Feeling . “Nightingale” also differs from the other odes in that its rhyme scheme is the same in every stanza (every other ode varies the order of rhyme in the final three or four lines except “To Psyche,” which has the loosest structure of all the odes).
” John Keats: In the poem “Ode on Melancholy,” Keats takes a sinister look at the human condition.
The idea that all human pleasures are susceptible to pain, or do inevitably lead to pain, is a disturbing thought. John Keats was born in London on 31 October , the eldest of Thomas and Frances Jennings Keats’s four children.
Although he died at the age of twenty-five, Keats had perhaps the most remarkable career of any English poet.