Find a Doctor Find a Location Request A Callback Penn neurologists evaluate, diagnose and treat patients with memory and dementia disorders. Dementia is a term used to describe impairments in thinking that can be caused by various diseases. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia, but there are many others. One of the most common features of dementia is memory loss.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Understand the neurology of dementia 1. Fixed cognitive impairments are due to a single event. Traumatic brain injury may cause generalized damage to the white matter of the brain or localized damages.
A temporary reduction in the supply of blood and oxygen to the brain may lead to this type of dementia. A stroke or brain infection can also be the cause of dementia.
Excessive alcoholic intake results in alcoholic dementia. Use of recreational drugs cause substance induced dementia. Once the over use of these drugs are stopped he impairment persists but may not progress.
Dementia which begins gradually and worsens progressively over several years is usually caused by neurodegenerative disease; that is, by conditions affecting only or primarily the neurons of the brain and causing gradual but irreversible loss of function of these cells.
Less commonly, a non-degenerative condition may have secondary effects on brain cells, which may or may not be reversible if the condition is treated. The causes of dementia depend on the age at which symptoms begin.
People who are affected by frequent head trauma, like boxers and football players are risk of dementia. Other than alcohol, drugs and psychiatric reasons certain genetic disorders also can cause dementia 1.
People with Dementia lose their memory of day to day things but still remember things from their past.
As the disease gradually gets worse individuals start to forget about their personal hygiene, personal wellbeing, how to cook or clean in their own home, they forget how to stay safe within their own environment.
People with dementia often confuse the generations, mistaking their wife for their mother, for example. The person with dementia may be trying to interpret a world that no longer makes sense to them because their brain is processing information incorrectly. These misunderstandings can be difficult, and may require some support.
Difficulties with communication can be upsetting and cause confusion and can lead to aggression. Change of surroundings within their own home. Changes in their day to day health, changes of people, meaning changes of carers on a regular basis, therefore not being consistent.
The needs of an individual with dementia may fluctuate because of a number of factors. The main cause of dementia causing an increased fluctuation is as the condition progressives their capabilities and capacity of understanding will decline over time.
Other causes are that the individual may be experiencing difficulties with understanding their nights and days, this leads to the person becoming fatigued during the day due to not sleeping properly.
This fatigue levels can effect there cognitive abilities, social skillscoordination and become more uncoordinated with tasks. The individual with dementia may receive care from a care provider who does not maintain a good standard of continuity with their staff.
This is a very important aspect to a person with this condition as they must become familiar with the people who care for them to gain trust and familiarity with routines such as personal care and medication. Poor staff training and risk managements strategies, care plans and guidelines not been put in place so all support workers are working differently causing the individual to become easily confused as no structured routines are in place, As there condition deteriorates they will become less in control of their toilet habits, requiring personal care support and incontinence aids.
When soiled the person is uncomfortable requiring assistance, this can cause understandable distress and negative behaviours displayed. Communication could be not structured correctly for the person who causes confusion and lack of understanding as they are unable to comprehend what is expected of them.
Infections, change of medication, change of environment, pain and stress. They are also areas that cause an individual with dementia to show signs of their mobility, social skills, understanding and interaction levels to decrease and fluctuate.
And lastly are they experiencing a type of abuse from someone around them, physical, mental, institutional, sexual, financial, neglect, verbal and they are not being able to communicate this to report it. Understand the impact of recognition and diagnosis of dementia 2.
Early diagnosis enables a person with dementia and their family to receive help in understanding and adjusting to the diagnosis and to prepare for the future in an appropriate way.
This might include making legal and financial arrangements, changes to living arrangements, and finding out about aids and services that will enhance quality of life for people with dementia and their family and friends.Types of memory problems Memory problems vary from person to person.
What you consider to be a problem depends partly on what you need or expect to be able to do. Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia. Memory problems are usually the most obvious symptom in people with dementia. For example, a person with early stages of dementia might go to the shops and then cannot remember what they wanted.
Psychosocial Interventions for Individuals with Dementia A third study was based on semi-structured clinical notes made during one-time in- dividual counseling sessions with 22 persons diagnosed with mild Alzheimer’s disease.
Cognitive Problem Symptoms, Causes and Effects Cognitive disorders often begin subtly but progress until they significantly impede the affected individual’s quality of life.
It is important to understand the various cognitive disorders, their symptoms and relevant treatment options. In this interview, Dr. Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe of Washington State University discusses different types of memory concepts - including semantic memory, episodic memory, prospective memory, source memory, and working memory and how these are affected by dementia and MCI.
Alzheimer disease (AD) is by far the most common cause of dementia in the United States, accounting for over 70% of dementia cases in individuals ≥ 70 years of age (Alzheimer’s Association ). The incidence of AD increases exponentially with age, and doubles .