Reasons[ edit ] Vietnam War protesters in Wichita, Kansas, The draft, a system of conscription that mainly drew from minorities and lower and middle class whites, drove much of the protest after Conscientious objectors played an active role despite their small numbers. The prevailing sentiment that the draft was unfairly administered inflamed blue-collar American, especially African-American, opposition to the military draft itself.
On campuses from Berkeley to New York, they demanded desegregationunrestricted free speech, and withdrawal from the war in Vietnam. Highly idealistic and inspired by periodic successes, the students believed they were creating a new America.
That is why, perhaps, debates about the Vietnam conflict remain as hotly contested years after the war's end as they were at the height of U.S. involvement in the late s. from The Oxford Companion to American Military History. This essay will provide a detailed analysis of the reasons in which the Sino-US rapprochement was possible in the late s and the early s. The late s and Early s Sino-US Rapprochement In the late s and beginning of the s, the Sino-rapprochement started with indications that the United States and the Peoples Republic of China were in willingness to carry out a rapprochement . U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive, In late January, , during the lunar new year in the hopes of achieving a decisive victory that would end the grinding conflict that frustrated military leaders on both sides. A successful attack on major cities might force the United States to negotiate or perhaps even to.
During the s, young Americans on and off campuses challenged conventional lifestyles and institutions. They protested the materialism, consumerism, and mania for success that drove American society.
They urged people to explore alternative patterns of work and domesticity. They challenged traditions surrounding sex and marriage.
And they argued that all paths to deeper fulfillment, even those involving illicit drugs, could be justified. They believed they were creating a new America.
InJohn Kennedy coupled his presidential oath of office with an announcement that the torch of American idealism had been passed to a new generation.
He called on Americans to join in a self-sacrificial campaign to explore a new frontier. Together they would fight "tyranny, poverty, disease, and war itself. He vowed to win the war against poverty and build a " Great Society " that elevated the poor, cared for the elderly, and offered educational opportunities to all.
Johnson would push through Congress one of the most ambitious and extensive legislative agendas in history. Johnson, the United States Congress, and the 43 million people—a.
We tend to equate the idealism of the s with the student movements and the counterculture that offered the most dramatic challenges to American policies and conventions.
But the truth is, idealism crossed generations and permeated almost all levels of public life. Perhaps no period in American history has been filled with such an expansive and ambitious sense of possibilities—such a grand, inspiring sense of what Americans could achieve.
Of course, not every American marched in lockstep to the same vision of "progress. Citizens and politicians questioned the wisdom of expanding government services, arguing that they were costly and might breed a culture of governmental dependency.
The new lifestyles advocated and lived by members of the counterculture were condemned as immoral and anarchistic. Student protestors were labeled self-indulgent children without the experience to make sober judgments.
Consumerism remained an essential element of American society. And many of the conventional institutions and practices of both Wall Street and Main Street persisted. But student protestors did contribute to the end of the war in Vietnam, they did advance civil rights, and they did transform the culture of American colleges.
Many of the values of the counterculture did work their way into the mainstream. And inthe United States landed a man on the moon.An examination of key political, economic and cultural developments in the United States during the s, with special reference to the Kennedy and Johnson administrations; an analysis of the Second Indochina War from Vietnamese and American perspectives; the legacies of s liberalism and the Indochina conflict.
By the late s, amny Vietnam’s army and turn the ground fighting over to it‐while still using US planes to bomb North Vietnam’s bases and supply lines. Opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War began with demonstrations in against the escalating role of the U.S.
military in the Vietnam War and grew into a broad social movement over the ensuing several years. Simply put, there are far fewer U.S. troops in Iraq today than there were in Vietnam in the late s, and there are far fewer casualties.
Second, troop levels are more stable in . analysis efforts in the late s (77). RAND played a role, with a whole department dedicated The conflict in Vietnam and the opposition thereto had a profound impact on the thinking of University declined in the late s, with ani-mosity coming from the school’s professors and protests by .
Vietnam War, (–75), a protracted conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam and its allies in South Vietnam, known as the Viet Cong, against the government of South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.