Plot summary[ edit ] The novel is divided into five sections. In the first, Frederic Henry, an American paramedic serving in the Italian Armyis introduced to Catherine Barkley, an English nurse, by his good friend and roommate, Rinaldi, a surgeon. Frederic attempts to seduce her; although he doesn't want a serious relationship, his feelings for Catherine build. Frederic is wounded in the knee by a mortar on the Italian Front and sent to a hospital in Milanwhere Catherine is also sent.
At the beginning of the novel, the war is winding down with the onset of winter, and Henry arranges to tour Italy. Rinaldi, however, quickly fades from the picture as Catherine and Henry become involved in an elaborate game of seduction. Her passion, even though pretended, wakens a desire for emotional interaction in Henry, whom the war has left coolly detached and numb.
When Henry is wounded on the battlefield, he is brought to a hospital in Milan to recover. Several doctors recommend that he stay in bed for six months and then undergo a necessary operation on his knee.
Unable to accept such a long period of recovery, Henry finds a bold, garrulous surgeon named Dr. Valentini who agrees to operate immediately. Henry learns happily that Catherine has been transferred to Milan and begins his recuperation under her care.
During the following months, his relationship with Catherine intensifies.
No longer simply a game in which they exchange empty promises and playful kisses, their love becomes powerful and real. As the lines between scripted and genuine emotions begin to blur, Henry and Catherine become tangled in their love for each other. He tries to plan a trip with Catherine, who reveals to him that she is pregnant.
The following day, Henry is diagnosed with jaundice, and Miss Van Campen, the superintendent of the hospital, accuses him of bringing the disease on himself through excessive drinking.
As they part, Catherine and Henry pledge their mutual devotion. Henry travels to the front, where Italian forces are losing ground and manpower daily.
When word comes that German troops are breaking through the Italian lines, the Allied forces prepare to retreat. Henry leads his team of ambulance drivers into the great column of evacuating troops. The men pick up two engineering sergeants and two frightened young girls on their way.
Henry and his drivers then decide to leave the column and take secondary roads, which they assume will be faster. When one of their vehicles bogs down in the mud, Henry orders the two engineers to help in the effort to free the vehicle.
When they refuse, he shoots one of them. The drivers continue in the other trucks until they get stuck again. They send off the young girls and continue on foot toward Udine.
As they march, one of the drivers is shot dead by the easily frightened rear guard of the Italian army.A Farewell to Arms begins in the Alps around the frontier between Italy and present-day Slovenia.
Allied with Britain, France, and Russia against the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Germany, Italy is responsible for preventing the Austro-Hungarian forces from assisting the Germans on the war's western. Written when Ernest Hemingway was thirty years old and lauded as the best American novel to emerge from World War I, A Farewell to Arms is the unforgettable story of an American ambulance driver on the Italian front and his passion for a beautiful English timberdesignmag.coms: 1K.
A Farewell to Arms, by Ernest Hemingway, is a typical love story. A Romeo and his Juliet placed against the odds. In this novel, Romeo is Frederick Henry and Juliet is Catherine Barkley. Their love affair must survive the obstacles of World War I. The background of war-torn Italy adds to .
Ernest Hemingway once referred to A Farewell to Arms as his version of William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet (pr. c. , pb. ). Several parallels exist.
Both works are about star. A Farewell to Arms study guide contains a biography of Ernest Hemingway, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. About A Farewell to Arms A Farewell to Arms Summary.
From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes A Farewell to Arms Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays.