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Enter terms Interventions to improve the use of findings from systematic reviews Healthcare decision-makers have to deal with a large volume of evidence and may or may not have the capacity to use this evidence in decision-making.
Systematic reviews can help with this process by bringing together the relevant evidence and using clear methods which seek to minimise bias. Interventions to help improve the uptake of systematic review evidence have been developed to help with improving the use of evidence.
We identified eight studies which evaluated the effectiveness of these types of interventions. There was some evidence to show that a clear message, based on systematic review evidence, which is targeted and disseminated to the relevant healthcare professionals may improve evidence-based practice.
If the aim is to help decision-makers increase their awareness and knowledge of systematic review evidence, and evidence-based practicethen interventions that address some of these aims have been evaluated but have shown little effect on practice. Mass mailing a printed bulletin which summarises systematic review evidence may improve evidence-based practice when there is a single clear message, if the change is relatively simple to accomplish, and there is a growing awareness by users of the evidence that a change in practice is required.
If the intention is to develop awareness and knowledge of systematic review evidence, and the skills for implementing this evidence, a multifaceted intervention that addresses each of these aims may be required, though there is insufficient evidence to support this approach. Read the full abstract Systematic reviews provide a transparent and robust summary of existing research.
However, health system managers, national and local policy makers and healthcare professionals can face several obstacles when attempting to utilise this evidence. These include constraints operating within the health system, dealing with a large volume of research evidence and difficulties in adapting evidence from systematic reviews so that it is locally relevant.
In an attempt to increase the use of systematic review evidence in decision-making a number of interventions have been developed. To identify and assess the effects of information products based on the findings of systematic review evidence and organisational supports and processes designed to support the uptake of systematic review evidence by health system managers, policy makers and healthcare professionals.
We also handsearched two journals Implementation Science and Evidence and PolicyCochrane Colloquium abstracts, websites of key organisations and reference lists of studies considered for inclusion. Randomised controlled trials RCTsinterrupted time-series ITS and controlled before-after studies CBA of interventions designed to aid the use of systematic reviews in healthcare decision-making were considered.
Data collection and analysis: Two review authors independently extracted the data and assessed the study quality. We included eight studies evaluating the effectiveness of different interventions designed to support the uptake of systematic review evidence.
The overall quality of the evidence was very low to moderate. Two cluster RCTs evaluated the effectiveness of multifaceted interventions, which contained access to systematic reviews relevant to reproductive health, to change obstetric care; the high baseline performance in some of the key clinical indicators limited the findings of these studies.
There were no statistically significant effects on clinical practice for all but one of the clinical indicators in selected obstetric units in Thailand median effect size 4. In the second cluster RCT there were no statistically significant differences in selected obstetric units in the UK median effect RR 0.
One RCT evaluated the perceived understanding and ease of use of summary of findings tables in Cochrane Reviews.practice or task oriented in handwriting resulted in greater handwriting improvement.
In this study those children who participated in the therapeutic practice of handwriting improved moderately when compared to both the sensorimotor and control group children. Those children in the sensorimotor group however did improve in sensorimotor components.
Request PDF on ResearchGate | Systematic Review of Interventions to Improve or Augment Handwriting Ability in Adult Clients | This systematic review examined research related to interventions that. Clinical Sport Psychology will provide readers with an assortment of tools to use in evaluating and working with athletes.
The text addresses a range of athletes' issues in an informed and integrated approach to sport psychology.5/5(2). Review and analysis of literature on self-management interventions to promote appropriate classroom behaviors (– ).
School Psychology Quarterly, 24, . Research Resources A monthly newsletter of the AOTF Institute for the Study of Occupation and Health app include: self-assessment of PTSD symptoms with individualized Systematic Review of Interventions to Improve or Augment Handwriting Ability in Adult Clients -- Kathleen E.
Yancosek. Background: Handwriting difficulties are among the most common reasons for referral of children to occupational therapy. Purpose: To determine the effectiveness of handwriting interventions.
Methods: A systematic review was carried timberdesignmag.comed studies were randomized or nonrandomized controlled trials of interventions that could be used by an occupational therapist to improve written output.